The Real Pilates Standards of Training are distinguished by our focus on 4 key elements. Your weekly assignments are designed to develop your skill in each of these areas as well as your Anatomy, History and more.



Anatomy Course Overview:

Log in to Vimeo by clicking the link below and using the password “rpttanatomy”

This is our final week of video lectures! We’re on to the “meat” (oh, I do keep myself amused) of our work - muscles! As always the information from previous weeks should help you organize this week’s info - try to think of the general layout of the skeleton and the locations and actions of the joints as you go along. Again, you’ll head to Vimeo, make your notes, and then head to canvas to answer this week’s question. Note: the muscles video is in two parts. There are links to part 1 and part 2 below.

WATCH Muscle video part 1 and part 2.



Key Concepts:

Types of muscle:

  • Smooth
  • Cardiac
  • Skeletal (this is the one you really need to know)

Function of skeletal muscle

        Shape and features of skeletal muscle cells

        Sliding Filament Theory

  • Myosin and actin filaments
  • Rowing analogy

Types of skeletal muscle contractions

  • Tonic
  • Phasic
  • Isometric
  • Isotonic

Muscle fiber vs muscle fascicle

Deep fascia / compartments

Line of pull

Fiber orientation to line of pull

  • Parallel vs. Oblique

Strap muscle

Fusiform(spindle shaped) muscle

Pennate (feather shaped) muscle

Triangular muscle

Spiral muscle

Ways muscle attaches to bone

  • Plate
  • Tendon
  • Aponeurosis

“Rule” of how muscles produce motion at joints


  • Give 2 examples each of isometric and isotonic contractions in the intermediate Reformer system.

  • Can you think of an exercise (or two!) that incorporate both?

  • Share two cues (either that you are already using or new ones) that speak to these two different kind of contractions without using the terms “isometric” and “isotonic”?

  • How about Tonic and Phasic contractions? What kind of cue would you use for these?

  • “Line of pull” is a part of what dictates what actions a given muscle can produce. There are lines of pull within the body, but can you describe the “line of pull” in relation to the springs on the cadillac?